Atrial Abnormality

Right Atrial Abnormality

Causes

  • Congenital
  • Valvular Heart Disease
  • Cor pulmonale
 

Criteria

  • P wave > 2.5mm in height (Lead II)
  • Positive first part of P-wave in V1 > 1.5mm
  • P-wave Axis:
    • Rightward: P pulmonale
    • Leftward: P congenitale
 

Examples

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Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Ut elit tellus, luctus nec ullamcorper mattis, pulvinar dapibus leo.

Left Atrial Abnormality

Causes

  • Mitral Stenosis
  • Mitral Regurgitation
  • Hypertension
  • Ischemic Heart Disease

Criteria

  • Negative part of P-wave in V1 duration (ms) x depth (mm) larger than 40ms
  • P-wave Duration ≥ 120ms (leads I, II, III) + negativity in V1 > 40ms
  • P-wave Duration >120ms, and widely notched P-wave (>40ms)

Examples

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Ut elit tellus, luctus nec ullamcorper mattis, pulvinar dapibus leo.

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Ut elit tellus, luctus nec ullamcorper mattis, pulvinar dapibus leo.
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